What are the different plug or connector types?
  • SAE J1772: All EVs in North America except Tesla use the SAE J1772 connector for Level 1 and Level 2 charging, also known as the "J-plug." Tesla vehicles can charge on a J1772 by using an adapter cable that Tesla includes with the vehicle at sale.
  • CHAdeMO: CHAdeMO is a connector for Level 3, DC (direct current) fast charging and was developed by the Japanese utility Tepco as the official standard in Japan. In North America, the only manufacturers currently selling electric vehicles that use CHAdeMO connectors are Nissan and Mitsubishi. Unlike the CCS system, CHAdeMO connectors do not share part of the connector with the J1772 inlet, so they require an additional CHAdeMO inlet on the car. This means that a larger charge port area is needed to accommodate two different charging connectors. Recently Nissan, a known CHAdeMO supporter released specs for an upcoming EV in their fleet that will use a CCS connector, thus making CHAdeMO a legacy charging connector type.
  • CCS/SSA: The CCS is a connector for Level 3, DC (direct current) fast charging that uses the J1772 charging inlet, and adds two more pins that allow for high-speed charging. CCS is the accepted standard in North America and was developed and endorsed by the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE). Just about every automaker today has agreed to use the CCS standard in North America, including: General Motors, Ford, Chrysler, Dodge, Jeep, BMW, Mercedes, Volkswagen, Audi, Porsche, Honda, Kia, Fiat, Hyundi, Volvo, smart, MINI, and others.
  • Tesla: Teslas use a proprietary connector only used by Tesla vehicles. The more streamlined design uses the same connector for Level 1, Level 2 and DC fast charging, accepting all voltage levels so there is no need to have a different connector specifically for DC fast charging as required for other models. Tesla operates a network of DC fast charger called Superchargers across the globe. Tesla installed and maintains these stations, and they are for the exclusive use of Tesla customers. Even with an adapter cable, it would not be possible to charge a non-Tesla EV at a Tesla Supercharger station due to the powerful charge that other vehicles are not designed to accept. Furthermore, there is an authetication process that identifies the vehicle as a Tesla before it grants access to power.

Show All Answers

1. What cars are considered "electric"?
2. Are EVs affordable?
3. How far can an EV travel on one charge?
4. Are there electric trucks and SUVs available?
5. Where can I charge my electric vehicle in Durango?
6. How long will it take to charge my electric vehicle?
7. What are the benefits of driving an electric vehicle?
8. What are the 3 different levels of charging?
9. What are the different plug or connector types?
10. How do winter conditions affect electric vehicles?
11. Are electric vehicles really better for the environment?
12. How clean is the electricity I am using to charge my vehicle?
13. How sustainable are electric vehicle batteries?
14. When should I consider replacing my existing gas-powered vehicle with an electric vehicle?